(There are five types of graphscharts that come in exams – line graph, table chart, bar chart, pie chart and pictorial graph. Here are two examples given from our book.
- The table below shows the number of medals won by the top ten countries in the London 2012 Olympic Games. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. You should write at least 150 words and spend about 20 minutes on this task.
London 2012 Olympic Games Medal Table
Rank by Gold Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States 46 29 29 104
2 China 38 27 23 88
3 Great Britain 29 17 19 65
4 Russia 24 26 32 82
5 South Korea 13 8 7 28
6 Germany 11 19 14 44
7 France 11 11 12 34
8 Italy 8 9 11 28
9 Hungary 8 4 5 17
10 Australia 7 16 12 35
The table shows the number of medals won by the top ten countries in the London 2012 Olympic Games. The USA bagged the greatest number of medals (104). They won more gold medals (46) than their silver and bronze ones, both twenty nine, which were more than any other country won in both categories. China was second with total 88 medals, and like the USA, China won fewer silver and bronze medals than gold ones.
Though Russia’s silver and bronze medal tally was much higher than that of Great Britain, its gold medal tally was five less than that of Great Britain. That’s why Great Britain was ranked the third and Russia the forth. Similarly, Germany was placed one rank behind South Korea despite total of 44 medals as compared to South Korea’s 28. Despite winning lowest total medals (17), Hungary was at number nine – one rank higher than Australia for bagging one more gold, although Australia totaled/totalled thirty five. Equal gold medal winners were ranked on the base of their total medals.
- The bar graph below shows average monthly temperatures and rainfall in Lima. Write a report about these figures. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the changes which occurred. You should write at least 150 words and spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart compares average figures for temperature and precipitation over a calendar year in Lima.
It is clear that monthly figures for precipitation in the city vary considerably, whereas changes in monthly temperatures are much less. The amount of rainfall is very high from June to October, while temperatures are high from April to October. The average temperatures in Lima starts rising from their lowest point at around 20°C to a peak of about 32°C from January to May. The average rainfall in the city also begins to increase exponentially from nearly 20mm of rain in January to 330mm in July and then starts to fall in the same way to 325 mm, 300mm, 150mm, 20mm and 5mm in the next five months. The amount of rainfall sees a dramatic fall to a low of about 5 mm in December. Temperatures fall very slightly but steadily to 30°C in the next four months, but dips to 25°C and 20°C in Nov. and Dec. respectively.